The greenhouse fish (Pomatomus Saltatrix) is a species that lives and reproduces in tropical and sub-tropical waters. This predator is present in the Mediterranean Sea and in the eastern Atlantic Ocean but does not go beyond the Portuguese coasts. The blue fish English name of the greenhouse, is loved by all the fishermen for the ease with which it bites both surf and spinning and its acrobatics from here the nickname saltator.
In fact, during recovery, this fish performs spectacular leaps out of the water. It is a massive quantity and occupies a high step in the food chain, in fact in the Mediterranean there are few predators above the coast. It is even possible that over-sized specimens attack other greenhouses of much lower dimensions.
The specimens over 3 kg are able to leave only the head of fish as bream also weighing more than 1 kg. Its teeth are known to all fishermen, but especially to mullets and other species that inhabit the coast. In fact, the greenhouse has many teeth whose main feature is to be very sharp, not surprisingly for its capture from the beach and rocks it is necessary to combine nylon or fluorocarbon with a piece of steel cable.
The habits of the greenhouse fish
Fishing for greenhouse fish, has specific times of the year in which it makes more. Generally the greenhouse fishing is practiced during the summer, a season that guarantees a large number of specimens below the coast. In fact, from late spring until autumn we can find it in a herd even a short distance from the shore, the largest specimens usually run in less numerous herds. The greenhouse fish is a predator and as you may have understood it carries out hunting in the pack. Let’s say that over the years has been called a “stupid” fish, even if it is not really that way, it acts in a very instinctive way compared to other species, and studies a little less the prey.
Being instinctive is its characteristic, its favorite preys are mullets and salpies, but when it is in the food frenzy it attacks any fish. Obviously he does not despair if he does not find his favorite meal, he will attack bream and sea bream without thinking twice. The hot spots where you can capture it are certainly near the mouths, even small, inside and at the mouth of the ports. Its predatory instinct leads it to go back even the rivers of large extent, it is not uncommon to find greenhouse fish even more than a kilometer from the sea. The purpose of climbing the river is to prey the mullet, when the greenhouse rises up the mouths is in food frenzy and makes real massacres.
How and when do you catch the greenhouse fish? Techniques and tips
The two ground fishing techniques for catching this predator are surfcasting and spinning. You can also try to catch the greenhouse fish with spinning from the boat or trolling. Often the catches of these fish can occur unexpectedly during the light trolling below coast to the sea bass. In fact, the smaller specimens often tend to attack even small silicone baits such as raglou. Instead, the larger ones prefer the more nervous swimming of stiff baits. In this article dedicated to the greenhouse fish, we will deepen the discourse on fishing from the beach.
In fishing from the beach with the flat sea, on summer days, it is better to choose days with wind behind, no moon and from sunset onwards. The capture is not excluded even in other conditions, but if you aim at the greenhouse, the sunset is to be faced necessarily with the slices of mullet already in the water. If we are not fishing during the sunset, we missed the key moment. Like all the rules there are always those who do not respect them, here is sometimes the greenhouse does not respect them at all! magically pop out a few hours after sunset, who knows … maybe had to deal with another sector of the beach and at the end of the shift decided to visit our slice. Joking aside, when fishing in the greenhouse, focused, it is better to be ready.
What is meant to be ready? Possibly arrive in advance or with the ready-made pieces at the beach first. If we are quick to prepare, let’s have a couple on site before going fishing. This is because if we arrive in the spot we prepare the first trigger, launch and eat it immediately, between combat and prepare a new slice, we will have lost time in the magic moment. This is a bit drastic as a conclusion, but I think everyone prefers to have the terminal ready to attach to the beam in half a minute and hang up the hunting pack. It could also happen that his a solitary specimen, detached from the group, but better hope and believe that they are always more than one.
From late autumn to the end of winter, greenhouse fishing should have a drastic decline in catches, I say it should because nowadays, especially in some spots, the greenhouse fish is present all year round. In fact, it has often happened to see the sheared terminals in February. we can not forget this predator, the reason is that in those periods you focus on other fish, and these disturb the most noble species that are in the lower steps of the food chain. It is not a plague, mind you and should not even be the usual excuse to our hoods, because it is part of the prey of surfcasting and even if you are focusing on other species, we will have to be armed for a possible appearance during the fishing trip.
Greenhouse fish: bait, primers and terminal
The lures that can be used in greenhouse fishing both flat and rough seas are 90% of which are fillets or live fish. The classic bait is the mullet fillet, even the most valid in my opinion. In addition to the fillet of mullet, as we have already mentioned, we can use the fillet of any other white fish, whispers, sea bream or sea bass if even caught on the spot.
The realization of the primer is quite simple, the fish is unthreaded, the thorns are removed, the hook is placed on the side of the scales and closes with the elastic thread. If we do not want to make our piece work thoroughly, we will have to insert a piece of polystyrene, or other similar material, into the stem of the hook, shape it and fit the thread in the right way, so as to allow the tip of the hook to remain protruding. possible.
The live is an equally valid bait, needless to repeat that the mullet represents the top. We can also use striped sea bream always triggered with the terminal in the cable. A very good alternative especially in the mouth is the live eel.
In the winter surfcasting jokes it could happen that our jumper friend also attacks the cuttlefish or the razor clam, but we can bring it to dry only if it is connected in the side of the mouth, vice versa is a battle lost to 90%. Often we will only see the eaten, recovering the sliced terminal. A trick to understand if it was actually the greenhouse fish (excluding the conger if the slice is floated) is to check if the point where it has been cut has abrasions, it will be rough on the edge.
It is clear that we need to use the heat-sealable steel cable, let’s say that a 50lb will be fine. Take a 40/50 cm of cable and join it to a piece of fluorocarbon through an albright knot. The hooks to be used vary according to our preferences, to facilitate the preparation it is better to use aberdeen hooks measuring 2/0 – 3/0. To join the wire with the hook we will use a crimp from 1mm / 1.5mm. For the construction of the terminal will also serve a flat caliper and a lighter. Let’s see shortly the steps to tie the hook:
- let’s run the crimp on the cable,
- insert the cable into the loop of the hook and place it next to the rest of the cable,
- slide the crimp on the doubled cable up to the eyelet,
- leave the hook free to move, tighten the crimp with a plier,
- lastly with a lighter we weld the excess steel cable with the main one
Equipment for fishing for greenhouse fish
The barrels: suitable are those that have the maximum launching powers, to give a minimum reference from 180 grams upwards, if we consider that we will have to cast a very large and heavy bait over the lead. We do not pay attention to the sensitivity of the reeds, the greenhouse fishing requires power and strength, the beach rods let us at home! Indeed, a bring that maybe we do the fresh slice or live!